Izmit, August 17th 1999
The north-western region of Turkey was shaken at 3:02 a.m.
on the 17th August 1999 by an earthquake of magnitude 7.4
was close to the city of Izmit, a densely populated area.
The earthquake was caused by the rupture of the North Anatolian
over a length of 100 to 150 km. This fault is one of the most
seismically active strike-slip
faults in the world. (See
The earthquake destroyed or damaged about 350,000 buildings,
killing over 17,000 people and injuring over 44,000. 600,000
people were left homeless by the damage.