Izmit, August 17th 1999

The north-western region of Turkey was shaken at 3:02 a.m. on the 17th August 1999 by an earthquake of magnitude 7.4 (Mw).

The epicentre was close to the city of Izmit, a densely populated area. The earthquake was caused by the rupture of the North Anatolian Fault over a length of 100 to 150 km. This fault is one of the most seismically active strike-slip faults in the world. (See Map)

The earthquake destroyed or damaged about 350,000 buildings, killing over 17,000 people and injuring over 44,000. 600,000 people were left homeless by the damage.

Three weeks after the earthquake Dr Paul Greening from The University of Bristol's EERC visited the region to study the earthquake damage. He is shown here with two Turkish policemen in Golcuk. They had come from the east of Turkey to help with the clear up operations.

This is some of the damage that Paul observed.

  1. Tilted Building, Adapazari
  2. Surface Fault, Golcuk
  3. Sinking Ground, Golcuk
  4. Collapsed Jetty, Izmit
  5. Apartment Block, Golcuk
  6. Buildings damaged by other Buildings

Click on the map to see more details.

from Bristol University